A 3D liquid self-shaping strategy is reported for rapidly patterning materials over a series of compositions and accurately achieving micro- and nanoscale structures. The predesigned template selectively pins the droplet, and the surface energy minimization drives the self-shaping processing. The as-prepared 3D circuits assembled by silver nanoparticles carry a current of 208–448 μA at 0.01 V impressed voltage, while the 3D architectures achieved by two different quantum dots show noninterfering optical properties with feature resolution below 3 μm. This strategy can facilely fabricate micro-nanogeometric patterns without a modeling program, which will be of great significance for the development of 3D functional devices.
Conductive microcables embedded in a transparent film are fabricated by inkjet printing silver-nanoparticle ink into a liquid poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) precursor substrate. By controlling the spreading of the ink droplet and the rheological properties of the liquid substrate, transparent multilayer circuits composed of high-resolution embedded cables are achieved using a commercial inkjet printer. This facile strategy provides a new avenue for inkjet printing of highly integrated and transparent electronics.
(Paper:Jieke Jiang, Bin Bao, Mingzhu Li , Jiazhen Sun , Cong Zhang , Yang Li , Fengyu Li , Xi Yao ,and Yanlin Song, Fabrication of transparent multilayer circuits by inkjet printing." Advanced Materials, 2016, 28, 1420–1426. )